2002 FIFA World Cup Korea / Japan™
The 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan™ was HBS’ first major mission as a host broadcaster, and was the event for which the company was initially founded (having been formed in 1999 with the exclusive mandate of producing the television and radio signals for the 2002 and 2006 FIFA World Cups™). The core staff of HBS was an evolution of the team who worked as TVRS 98 as Host Broadcaster of the 1998 FIFA World Cup France™.
The objective for HBS was to provide FIFA World Cup™ Media Rights Licensees (MRLs) with the fullest international television and radio coverage for the 64 matches, as well as providing unilateral services and facilities in keeping with the MRLs’ requirements.
As part of that remit HBS designed, built, set up and managed the International Broadcast Centres (IBCs) in both Korea and Japan, as well as the multilateral and unilateral broadcast facilities at the IBCs and the 20 football stadiums used at the event.
The sheer scale of the 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan™ – the first to be held jointly between two host nations, and the largest ever in terms of the number of venues used – made the event an ‘in at the deep end’ experience for HBS but one which also allowed for a template of protocols to be developed which would be enhanced and refined down the years on future FIFA World Cup™ host broadcasts.
Facts and Figures
• 20 host cities, 10 each in Korea and Japan:
Korea: Seoul, Incheon, Suwon, Daejon, Jeonju, Daegu, Gwangju, Ulsan, Busan, Seogwipo Japan: Sapporo, Miyagi, Niigata, Ibaraki, Saitama, Yokohama, Shizuoka, Osaka, Kobe, Oita
• 26.4 billion cumulative audience
• 10 separate feeds produced for each match
• More than 1,000 hours of multilateral broadcast feeds created
• More than 100 hours of HDTV transmitted
• 30 EVS slomo/superslomo kits
• 2,800 TV monitors
• 60,000 m² of compound space at stadiums
• 1,400 commentary units
• More than 2,000 km of cabling laid
• More than 2,500 staff from 59 different countries
The road to Korea / Japan
HBS’ work began long before the event kicked-off in Seoul on 31 May 2002. Between 1999 and 2001 four Broadcast Information Meetings were held around the world in order to keep MRLs informed of broadcast-related news and developments. The first in December 1999 coincided with the Preliminary Draw in Tokyo, the second was hosted in Miami at Sportel America in March 2000 while the third and fourth were held at Sportel events in Monaco in November 2000 and October 2001.
In April 2001 the Production Plan and Catalogue of Services were presented to MRLs at the First World Broadcaster Meeting (WBM1), which was held in Yokohama. At the Second World Broadcaster Meeting (WBM2), held in Seoul in December 2001, more detailed broadcast plans were released and final bookings for unilateral services and facilities for the First Round matches were received.
The Production Plan for the 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan™ implemented a 20-camera operation up until the Quarter-Final stage, with the final knockout matches and the Opening Match covered by a 23-camera plan.
Among many innovations, HBS introduced the Multi-Feeds concept to broadcasters for the first time. As well as the Basic International Feed (BIF), HBS also produced a range of other ‘Super Feeds’. These Super Feeds allowed a majority of radio and television broadcasters to access footage that, in the past, was only available to broadcasters with large on-site unilateral operations.
The concept also enabled digital platforms and other media groups to offer a large choice of programmes, while differentiating themselves from domestic competitors.
The Extended Basic International Feed (EBIF) played a key role in HBS’ objective to ensure all teams were given equal importance in terms of broadcast exposure. Many of the exclusive features on players, coaches, training sessions and fans came from the 14 dedicated ENG crews that travelled around the host countries gathering footage. Starting 30 minutes before the BIF, 60 minutes earlier for the 23-camera matches, the pre-edited footage was sent to the Seoul IBC and made available to MRLs on the morning of the match.
A further broadcasting ‘first’ for the 2002 FIFA World Cup Korea/Japan™ was the introduction of digital non-linear recording technology – which allowed faster and more accurate replays than ever seen before. Furthermore, HBS utilised super slo-motion cameras which filmed action that could be used for later replay purposes but also cut live into the real time play.
A separate High Definition 1080i clean feed was also provided alongside the Standard Definition 4/3 feeds for live coverage of 48 matches of the 64 played at the event, highlights covered all other matches. Eight special HD cameras were employed to achieve the HD production.
The co-hosting by Korea and Japan of the 2002 FIFA World Cup™ presented HBS with an interesting challenge when it came to providing the IBC.
It was ultimately decided that there would be two International Media Centres (IMCs), one in each country. Each IMC comprised a Main Press Centre (MPC) and an IBC. At the end of 1999, FIFA, the Local Organising Committee and HBS agreed to assign different functions to each of the IMCs.
IBC1 in Seoul provided all facilities traditionally found in an IBC, including standard and customised construction and facilities. IBC2 in Yokohama had limited functions and was mostly used as a logistical base by MRLs.
Opening on 10 May 2002 at the COEX (Convention and Exhibition Center), the Seoul IBC covered 21,000 m²and housed all standard IBC functions as well as multilateral facilities such as the HBS Offices, the Booking and Information Offices and the Master Control Room (MCR). IBC1 was the standard delivery place for signals from all venues in Korea and Japan.
IBC2 was housed in the Pacifico Yokohama Convention Centre and opened its doors on 24 May 2002. With an area of 10,000 m² it featured a simplified MCR, some bookable facilities and unilateral spaces.